Jharkhand is a state in eastern India.The name "Jharkhand" means "The Land of Forests". It was carved out of the southern part of Bihar on 15 November 2000 by carving out 18 districts of Bihar. Jharkhand shares its border with the states of Bihar to the north, Uttar Pradesh and Chhattisgarh to the west, Orissa to the south, and West Bengal to the east. It has an area of 28,833 sq mi (74,677 km²). The industrial city of Ranchi is its capital and Dumka is sub capital while Jamshedpur is the largest city of the state. Some of the other major cities and industrial centres are Dhanbad, Bokaro and Hazaribagh. his paradoxical development profile of Jharkhand is combined with the fact that distortions in distribution and access to resources have made little difference to lives of ordinary people. However, the people of the region are politically mobilized and self-conscious and are actively seeking better bargains for the state. The people in Jharkhand have the advantage of being culturally vibrant, as reflected in the diversity of languages spoken, festivals celebrated, and variety of folk music, dances, and other traditions of performing arts. Most of the state lies on the Chota Nagpur Plateau, which is the source of the Koel, Damodar, Brahmani, Kharkai, and Subarnarekha rivers, whose upper watersheds lie within Jharkhand. Much of the state is still covered by forest. Forest preserves support populations of tigers and Asian Elephants. Jharkhand has a concentration of some of the country’s highly industrialized cities such as Jamshedpur, Ranchi, Bokaro Steel City andDhanbad. It also has several firsts in India, including:Largest fertilizer factory of its time in India (since shut down) at Sindri, Dhanbad,First Iron & steel factory at Jamshedpur,Largest Steel plant in Asia, Bokaro steel plant, Bokaro,Biggest explosives factory at Gomia, Bokaro,First methane gas well at Parbatpur, Bokaro. Major industrial units Bokaro Steel Plant,Bokaro Steel Plant, Bokaro,Tata Steel Plant, Jamshedpur,Tata Motors, Jamshedpur,Tata Cummins, Jamshedpur,TRF Limited, Jmahsedpur,Lafarge Cement, Jmashedpur,TELCON, Jmashedpur,BOC Gases,mshedpur Paxair, Jamshedpur,Tinplate, Jamshedpur,Heavy Engineering Corporation,(HEC Ltd.,Dhurwa), Ranchi,Patratu Thermal Power Station, Ramgarh,Chandrapura Thermal Power Station,Chandrapura,Damodar Valley Corporation Bokaro Thermal Power Station,Bokaro Thermal,Damodar Valley Corporation,Maithon Hydro Power Station,Maithan, Damodar Valley Corporation,Panchet Hydro Power Station,Panchet, Damodar Valley Corporation,Telaiya Hydro Power Station,Telaiya, Damodar Valley Corporation,Tenughat Thermal/Hydro Power Station, Bokaro,Jindal Steel Plant, Patratu,Electrosteel Plant, Bokaro,Usha Martin, Ranchi,Central Coalfields Limited,Bharat Coaking Coal Limited,Eastern Coalfields Limited. Jharkand has been at the centre of the Naxalite-Maoist insurgency. Since the uprising of the Naxalites in 1967 the state of Jharkand is part of the "Naxal Belt" comprising 92,000 square kilometres, where the highest concentrations of the groups estimated 20,000 combatants fight. After formation of new state, Jharkhand Education Project Council (JEPC) has been implementing four projects for spread of elementary education namely DPEP, SSA, NPEGEL, KGBV. Hence works have been accomplished in the state towards achieving the goal of UEE but due to slow pace, the target of hundred percent enrolment and retention of children in schools is not yet attained.

By Air: A domestic airport is situated in Ranchi. So the city is well linked by constant flights with Patna, Mumbai, Kolkata and Delhi. From Patna to Ranchi it will take only 45minutes to reach by flight.From Kolkata it’s just 1 hour journey by Air. From Delhi, the capital of India, it’s just 1 hour and 45 minutes journey to Ranchi by Air. From Mumbai to Ranchi by Air, it’s almost 4 hours journey. These days air fare is very less and as a result even common people can avail the facility. Many private airlines like Jet Airlines, Air Sahara, and Kingfisher Airlines are offering regular flights to this state from major cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata or Patna. By Rail: Ranchi is also the place of the prominent railway station in the state. The city is well connected to North, East, West and South by rail. South Eastern Railways links the state to other major cities such as Patna, Rourkela via regular trains. Yet another prominent railway station is in Hazaribagh. It is just an over night journey from Kolkata by train. There are so many Express trains run from Howrah to Ranchi. If one wants to come from Delhi then also there are number of Express trains run each and everyday from Delhi to Kolkata via Dhanbad. From Dhanbad one can go any cities of the state by Luxury buses or by train to Ranchi. Cycle Rickshaws and Tempos are readily available on Railway Station and bus stands to take you to any part of the city almost in 24 hours. By charter taxi or by bus one can go to different sites of sight seeing from Ranchi. Many surprises await you in Jharkhand. Make a trip to the land to discover it. By Road: Ranchi is situated at the junction of National Highways number 23 and 33. The city is well connected to every important part of the country by road. Road network has been spread to facilitate road transport in the region so that people from all over the country have easy access to the place.

War cemetery: This is to be called as the Indian “West minister Abbey”… a notable location of memory land for the 708 soldiers of undivided India is well classified tome stone yard. This is located at the Ranchi- Hazaribagh road. The nearest places of visit around here could be Ranchi Hill, Tagore Hill, (Moradabad Hill) Ranchi Lake Etc. Bhoganadih and Panchkathiya: Are two sacred places for the tribes, where the legendary brothers, Sido and Kanu, led the Santhal revolt in 1855. This historical place is located in Sahibganj District of Jharkhand. There is a monument for these brothers in Bhoganadih. Panchkathiya is the place, where these brothers were hanged by the British. Chatra: The gateway of Jharkhand particularly of Chotanagpur, has a glorious past having an eminent historical heritage. It is about 35 km east of Chatra and 16 km west of Chauparan and is located on the Chatra-Chauparan road. This historical place has some Buddhist relics. There is an ancient Bhadrakali temple just half a kilometer away on the bank of river Mahanad, near Itkhori. An idol of Sahasralinga Shiva with an inscription on its pedestal is another interest. At the top of the idol there is a cavity where water percolates and it is still unknown that where it comes from. note: Chatra Bus Station is about 35 km south of Bhaduli, and Gaya Junction Railway Station is the nearest railhead. The Maithon Dam: is located 48 km from Dhanbad, is 15,712 ft long and 165 ft. high. This dam specially designed for flood control generates 60000-k Watt of electricity. The unique feature that sets it apart from the rest is that there is an underground power station, first of its kind, in whole of South East Asia. The dam is constructed on the Barakar River. note: Prior permission is required for visiting the powerhouse. The permits are issued from the office of the Assistant Public Relations Officer and guide services are also made available. Hatia Dam:Just an 11 km journey from the district headquarters provides a sumptuous picnic location to the tourists in this state. The 17th century ‘Jagannath temple’ is an added value nearby this spot. Kanke Dam: About 5 km from the district headquarters you have a natural bliss of scenery to visit is this lake which is situated on the base of Gonda Hills. The Rock garden here is also another spot of visit. Kauleshwari Devi Temple: On Basant panchami and Ram navmi days, a large number of pilgrims flock to the hill top for worship. Sacrifice of goat in front of the temple is common. The temples and images are now a place of pilgrimage for the Hindus. Dr. M.A. Stein who visited the hill in 1900, was satisfied that they were built by the Jains who venerated it as the birth - place of the tenth Trithankar, Sitala Swami, and fragmented it about 150 years ago. He felt that it was now entirely unknown to the ordinary jains and is associated by the local Hindus with Pandwa brothers. One of the specimens is a rock cut group of ten Digambari Jain Trithankars. In a cave, there is small image which is now worshipped by the Hindus. The image is clearly that of Pasarvanath with a hood over the head. On a closer examination the hood looks like the hoods of several snakes. The Dhyani Mudra image of Pasarva Nath the 23rd Jain Trithankar with the snake hood over the head is common. From another cave, it is understood three Jain images were removed only a few years back. The villagers say that the images were taken away by the jains to Gaya for worship. The trek to the top of Kolhua hill on the temple of Kauleshwari Devi is quite steep and there are no steps. There is a big tank near the temple with good water. It is however preferable to carry water while going up. There is no rest bungalow at the hill top, but the surroundings are excellent for picnic. At this place one can see langoors, beer, deer, neelgai, leopords and other wildlife including a variety of beautiful birds. Bhadrakali Temple: Is located on the banks of the Mahanad River is near Itkhori in Chatra District of Jharkhand. The deities of Hindu, Jain and Buddhist community can be spotted here, of which the image of Buddha is presented in black stone. An inscription, which dates back to the time of King Mahendra Pal, is another attraction. Hindu devotees flock here to worship Goddess Kali. Apart from this, a pair of footprints can be seen, which is associated with Sheetal Nath, the 10th Trithankar of Jainism; Mallinath, the 19th Tirthanker and Parshwanath, the 23rd Tirthanker. Surrounded by dense forest, the temple’s adjoining areas are important historically as well as culturally. The temple is connected with G T Road, and is about 35 km east of Chatra and 16 km west of Chauparan. Deori Temple:Nearly 65 km from the district headquarters this temple is situated near Tamaar village on the Ranchi – Tata road. The worshipping Goddess here is Durga and it is an ancient shrine that people still conduct the poojas here. Temples of Harradith :This is a renowned spot of pre historic ideas of temple built which dated back to the 9th century; here you have the twin temples for Lord Shiva and Goddess Durga. It is located at a distance of 15 km from the place Bundu. The Ranchi museum: Has a wide range that exhibits collections of artifacts and provide a comprehensive picture of peoples lifestyles and social structure Tribal Research Institute and Museum:This is a wonderful spot to admire and learn about the past living of mankind in this region at this piece of land in this earth. The museum expresses a keen knowledge about the tribal living and the anthropology and exhibits great collections of stone sculptures, terracotta’s, arms and ethnological objects. This is located at Morabadi in Ranchi district and the museum is open as of the Indian working hour’s 10:30 to 17:00 hrs. Sutiambe: This is located at about 18 km from the district headquarters; this location has an archeological site near kanke. Previously it was the capital of Nagwanshi Dynasty of Chota Nagpur. This historical proof of values is situated at the fort of Nagwanshi dynasty on the Murhu hills, where you have ancient style of sculptures that relate to Brahmanical Gods and Goddesses. Getalsud Reservoir: It gives a splendid location for picnic after a 40 km drive from the district headquarters; you have this reservoir in the township of Getalsud, The River Subarnarekha flows through these regions as irrigation. Dassam Waterfalls:This location will be an awesome spot to freak out jungle adventure in waters and land, this is located at a distance of 40km from the district headquarters amidst the Taimara village wherein the River Kanchi gushes out from a height of 144 ft. will be an astronomical view of splendor. Hundru waterfalls:This spot is situated at a distance of about 45 km from the district headquarters, so green and clean around with great woods mounding fills in nature beauty. This cascade has the water resources from the river Swarnarekha and it falls from 320 ft height. At the bottom of the fall you have a pool with swimming and bathing facility which are aesthetic and sensational to dwell in the jungle a while on nature’s lap.